In this tutorial, you setup a deployment with two identical production environments, referred to arbitrarily as Blue and Green. One environment is always live, and the other environment is inactive and available to host an upgraded version.

Business-critical multinode installations that must always remain in production require advanced updating strategies. Blue-green deployments fit this requirement because they provide smooth transitions between versions, zero-downtime deployments, and quick rollbacks.

A blue-green deployment uses two identical production environments. After verifying that an update in the inactive environment is working with a new version, you switch traffic to the new version. If anything goes wrong, you can quickly switch back to the old version.

This graphic illustrates a two-node production topology. While customers use the nodes in the active blue environment, you update the inactive green environment with the new version. You can perform as many tests as required in the inactive green environment. When everything is ready, you only need to update the load balancer to switch production environments.

Basic blue-green deployment topology

One approach is to switch traffic to a single updated node and validate it before switching the other nodes. Testing one node in this way is called a canary deployment. If the canary node fails, traffic remains uninterrupted because the non-updated nodes continue to serve customers.

Blue-green canary deployment

If the update is successful, you direct the load balancer to switch all the remaining traffic to the other updated nodes.

Completed blue-green deployment

When you are ready for the next release, you start the cycle over using the now-interactive blue environment.

Learning objectives#

In this tutorial, you learn how to complete these tasks:

Time required#

This tutorial takes 2 - 3 hours to finish. If you explore other concepts that are related to this tutorial, it could take longer to complete.

System requirements#

To run this tutorial, you need the following resources:


Parent topic: Blue-green deployments